Routes / WAR CRIMES
Crimes before, during and after the Second World War
Monument for the so-called “Heroes of Basovizza”
A significant event in the history of our territory goes back in the ’30 of the past century and is tightly connected with the phenomenon of the border Fascism. Near Basovizza arose the monument in memory of four Slovenian members of TIGR sentenced to death in 1930: Lojze Valenčič, Franjo Marušič, Ferdinand Bidovec and Zvonimir Miloš; in memory arose a bronze obelisk in the cemetery in Trieste.
Risiera di San Sabba
The factory for the husking rice built in 1898 in the quarter San Sabba was used by Nazi occupant at first like prisoner of war camp for Italian soldiers captured after 8 September 1943 (Stalag 339) and afterwards was structured like Polizeihaftlager (police prison-house) designated for the deported in Germany and Poland, used like deposit for the confiscated property as well as for detention and elimination of hostages, partisans, political prisoner and Jewish.
The Nazi used many different methods for the execution, such death by gassing using specially equipped vehicles and direct murders. At the beginning of 1944 changed the dryer of the rice mill in a capable incinerator to clear their crimes.
Since 1965 by decree of President Saragat it became a National Monument and home of the Civic Museum since 1975.
Foiba di Basovizza
Basovizza is sadly known also for the Foiba, National Monument from 1962. It is a cave well originally used for the extraction of carbon and nowadays became the symbol of the tragedy called foiba. Foiba or dolina is a typical Karst swallow-hole. At the end of the second war during the Yugoslavian administration in 1945 in this natural caves threw many political oppositors, fascists, nazists and their collaborators were thrown down.
From the Plateau around Basovizza you have a splendid view on Val Rosandra.
Duration: half day or all day long
USEFUL INFORMATION: we suggest practical clothes